European Cavalry Pictures

History of European cavalry. Pictures of European cavalry. Greek cavalry, Roman cavalry, Celtic cavalry, medieval knights, 100 Years war cavalry, renaissance cavalry, 30 Years War cavalry, Napoleonic wars cavalry, ww1 and ww2 cavalry.

EUROPEAN CAVALRY PICTURES

Ancient cavalry

Ancient Greek Cavalry
Ancient Greek Cavalry

Ancient Greek cavalry has not a big importance except conquests of Alexander the Great.

Ancient Roman cavalry
Roman cavalry

Infantry was the decisive force of Roman army. Importance of Roman cavalry (equites Romani) grew with barbarian raids in later times.

Celtic Cavalry
Celtic Cavalry

Cataphract
Cataphract

Cataphract was the precursor to the medieval knight. Used by Byzantian empire against eastern armies.

Ayrudzi-Armenian heavy cavalry
Ayrudzi-Armenian heavy cavalry

Ayrudzi-Armenian heavy cavalry protected Armenia and these elite troops served in Byzantian and Persian armies after Armenia lost its independance in 428AD.

Medieval Cavalry

Norman Cavalry
Norman Cavalry

Norman cavalry – discipline, chain mail, spears and swords on horseback of norman soldiers ment a terrible defeat for Anglo-Saxon infantry┬á in battle of Hastings 1066. Normans were prototypes of medieval knights.

Cuman cavalry
Cuman cavalry

Cuman cavalry was used mostly in Hungarian army, for example in Battle of Marchfeld 1278. Cumans (Kipchaks, Comani, Polovtsi) were originally nomadic people from Asia.

Charge of Teutonic Knights
Charge of Teutonic Knights

French cavalry during 100 Years war
French cavalry during 100 Years war

Elite French knights were terribly defeated in Battle of Crecy 1346 and Agincourt 1415 by English well organized but smaller army. English longbowmen were the decisive element.

Renaissance Cavalry in 16th century

Spanish cavalry Conquistadors
Spanish cavalry of 16th century - Conquistadors

Mounted Spanish soldiers in plate mail, armed by pikes, rapiers and firearms caused a terrible defeates to Indian cultures in Latin America.

Cossacks-Russian cavalry
Cossacks

Cossacks were military people lived in Russia. They served to Russian empire against Swedes and Turks. Cossacks are also responsible for Russian expansion to Siberia. They fought for Russia in Napoleonic wars, 1ww. Cossacks were mostly of side of White corps during Russian civil war against bolsheviks. Numerous troops of Cossacks were part of Red army during ww2 however a few troops fought on German side in hope to beat communism. Cossacs are still part of Russian armed forces by Decree of president Putin 2005.

Cavalry in 17th century

30 Years War Cavalry-Swedes-1631
30 Years War Cavalry-Swedes-1631

Swedish cavalry of 17th century during 30 Years war. Gustav II Adolf and his troops.

Polish Hussars in Battle of Vienna 1683
Polish Hussars in Battle of Vienna 1683

Polish Hussars were an elite Polish cavalry. Armed by famous Polish sabre – karabela, lance and firearms they defeated Turks, Russians and Swedes in numerous battles. Polish Hussaria lasted from 16th till 18th century. Victory in Battle of Viena saved Europe from Turkish invasion. Polish Winged Hussars were one of the most impressive cavalry units ever.

Cavalry in 18th century

1759-prussian cavalry vs austrian cuirassiers and russian dragoons
1759-prussian cavalry vs austrian cuirassiers and russian dragoons

Cavalry in 19th century-Napoleonic wars

French Cavalry charge 1807
French Cavalry charge 1807

Austrian Cavalry during Napoleonic Wars
Austrian Cavalry during Napoleonic Wars

The Austrian cavalry consisted
From left:
Cuirassiers – Czechs and Moravians, Austrians
Dragoons – Austrians and Moravians (Czechs)
Chevaulegers – Austrians, Czechs, Italians
Hussars – Hungarians
Uhlans – Poles, Ukraininas

WW1 Cavalry

French ww1 cavalry
French ww1 cavalry

French ww1 cavalry man with gas mask.

WW2 Cavalry

German ww2 cavalry
German ww2 cavalry

WW2 was end of massive cavalry use. Cavalry was massively used in Poland and Russia however horses served in all armies during ww2 conflict.

This still does not means end of horses in armies. Numerous special ops still use horses even these days in a very hard accessible terrain like in Peru or Afghanistan.

Cavalry and horses in Afghanistan 2001
Horses in Afghanistan 2001

Sabre – a typical cavalry weapon in post medieval times

Sabre was adopted in medieval times from Asia (Turks and Mongols).

Sabre-cavalry weapon
Sabre-cavalry weapon

Sabres for Sale

16 Comments

  1. Wondeer!! Thank for the post and you nice blog. I hope to
    link a good news by Vaite in reanaissance and expecially medieval on
    Federico
    II mediueval period. It’s in Italian words and video about his history in
    Italy.

      • Cuman cavalry reportedly defeated the Teutonic knights at least two times, in the battles of Grunwald (1410) and Marienburg (1422).
        Some 400 light horsemen were sent by Moldavian prince Alexander the Good, to support his Polish and Lituanian allies against the challenging Teutons in Eastern Prussia.
        Polish and Lituanians sieged the Teutonic citadels with no specific results. Moldavian support came lately, but got bored after only a couple of days. So, their military leader, a certain War master Coman, asked permission to strike in their own manner.
        The 400 Cuman/Moldavian troops apperead under the citadel walls, to defy the Teutons by showing them the dead body of a armored knight, wearing a pig head.
        Teuton cavalry rushed out of the citadel and followed the Cumans, which simulated a retreat. Soon after, they entered in a nearby forrest and used their bows against the knights horses. After the heavy knights remained on feet, Cuman cavalry rushed out of the woods and massacrated them, taking advantage that the archers in the citadel were too far to support their own troops.
        This procedure led to the capitulation of Teutons and put a forever end to their domination.
        Some chronicles report about the astonighing success of the Cuman/Moldavian light cavalry, other took them for tartars but the most choose to flatter the Poles and Lituanians pride, by giving them the full credit of the victory and not even taking note of the Cuman/Moldavian presence.

  2. The Ottoman Turks ruled in Europe for several centuries, and their most famous cavalry, the Sipahi should be included in the list of ‘European’ Cavalry.

    The Winged Hussar are definitely a sight to behold!

    • Of course, you are right.
      Also Mongols (eastern Europe), Arabs (Spain), Scythes, Huns, Persians (Greece) and many other asian nations / empires were connected to Europe. One page/article is too small to mention all of them :). I decided to pick the most famous European troops and i am sure i missed many interesting units.
      Please be patient with me:)
      Debate under article is the good place to mention all units i was unable to mention above.

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